Studies

Association between Agent Orange and birth defects: systematic review and meta-analysis

The principal aim of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of relevant epidemiological studies that examined this association and to assess the heterogeneity among studies. Continue Reading

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Fetal pituitary gonadotropin as an initial target of dioxin in its impairment of cholesterol transportation and steroidogenesis in rats.

Reproductive and developmental disorders are the most sensitive toxic effects caused by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). TCDD is thought to produce many, if not all, of these toxic effects by impairing steroidogenesis and/or steroid action during the prenatal or early postnatal stages. Continue Reading

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Welcome Home: reconciliation, Vietnam veterans, and the reconstruction of Anzac under the Hawke government

This paper seeks to explore the role that Hawke played in reconciling these parties and the discursive inclusion of Vietnam veterans into the Anzac narrative. In doing so, it assumes that national identity and conceptions of the nation-state are socially constructed (see Anderson 1983; Hobsbawn 2005) and that national leaders play an important role in facilitating and actively creating this process.

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2015.01.09 I.O.M Report: Post-Vietnam Dioxin Exposure in Agent Orange–Contaminated C-123 Aircraft

Between 1972 and 1982, approximately 1,500 to 2,100 U.S. Air Force (AF) Reserve personnel trained and worked on C-123 aircraft that previously had been used to spray herbicides, including Agent Orange (AO), during Operation Ranch Hand (ORH) in the Vietnam War. Samples taken from these aircraft show the presence of AO residues. Continue Reading

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2013.12.03 I.O.M Report: Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2012

The single new conclusion was that there is limited or suggestive evidence of a scientifically meaningful association of stroke with exposure to the chemicals in question. Continue Reading

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2001.05.20 I.O.M Report: Blue Water Navy Vietnam Veterans and Agent Orange Exposure

Although the IOM found several plausible ways by which Blue Water Navy veterans could have been exposed to herbicides, there was not enough information for the IOM to determine whether Blue Water Navy personnel were or were not exposed to Agent Orange. Continue Reading

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Addressing the Legacy of Agent Orange in Vietnam

In the 35 years since the end of the war, the United States and Vietnam have made great progress toward friendly relations. But the war reverberates today in the lives of millions of Americans and Vietnamese. These include people affected then and now, directly and indirectly, by the U.S. spraying of Agent Orange and other herbicides over rural South Vietnam. Continue Reading

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2009.07.24 I.O.M Report: Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2008

The authoring committee found suggestive but limited evidence that exposure to Agent Orange and other herbicides used during the Vietnam War is associated with an increased chance of developing ischemic heart disease and Parkinson’s disease for Vietnam veterans. Continue Reading

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2008.03.05 I.O.M Report: The Utility of Proximity-Based Herbicide Exposure Assessment in Epidemiologic Studies of Vietnam Veterans

A new Institute of Medicine report, The Utility of Proximity-Based Herbicide Exposure Assessment in Epidemiologic Studies of Vietnam Veterans, presents the conclusions and recommendations of a committee that was convened to provide guidance to the Department of Veterans Affairs about the best use of an exposure assessment model that was developed to address this problem. Continue Reading

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2007.07.27 I.O.M Report: Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2006

Because of continuing uncertainty about the long-term health effects of the sprayed herbicides on Vietnam veterans, Congress passed the Agent Orange Act of 1991. Continue Reading

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Generations Later, Toxic Legacy of Agent Orange Lives on in Vietnam

ENVIRONMENTAL NEWS NETWORK : ENN DANANG, Vietnam — More than 30 years after the Vietnam War ended, the poisonous legacy of Agent Orange has emerged anew with a scientific study that has found extraordinarily high levels of health-threatening contamination at the… Continue Reading

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The Case of Agent Orange: International Perspectives and an Homage to Victims

This article seeks to present a commentary of this extraordinary case in view of history and the broader themes of politics, international law, and its institutions as a handicap to accommodating individual victims of war. Continue Reading

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Health Status of Army Chemical Corps Vietnam Veterans Who Sprayed Defoliant in Vietnam

Agent Orange, an herbicide widely used as a defoliant in Vietnam, was a mixture of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) which contained dioxin contaminants. Continue Reading

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Scientist: Study may have underestimated cancer risk to veterans By Associated Press

GREENVILLE, S.C. The scientist who worked on a 25-year study of the impact of handling Agent Orange on the health of Air Force veterans says the study may have underestimated the risk of cancer in Vietnam War vets exposed to… Continue Reading

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2006.07.31 Report: Genetic Damage In New Zealand Vietnam War Veterans

What are the genetic consequences for elevated levels of Dioxin.  Participants Report, Prepared by Louise Edwards, Institute of Molecular BioSciences Massey University NZ Continue Reading

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Agent Orange Study to Show Significant Damage

A report out today was expected to show that all New Zealand Vietnam War veterans exposed to the defoliant Agent Orange may have suffered genetic damage. Continue Reading

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DNA Injury Confirmed in Vietnam Veterans

A study of New Zealand Vietnam War veterans exposed to Agent Orange has confirmed they have suffered genetic damage – and found that their children and grandchildren may experience the same fate. Continue Reading

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The effects of Agent Orange in Viet Nam and its consequences

From a weaponry viewpoint, the Vietnam War is the major conflict of the twentieth century. That conflict opposes the United States of America against North Vietnamese communist Viet Minh, itself supported by Soviet Union.That conflict becomes an export of war between two world’s superpowers: the USA say wanting to stop communism in Asia whereas USSR encourages it. Continue Reading

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Vietnam – war without end DOC

Attached: Submission to The Joint Working Group on The Concerns of Vietnam Veterans By Lt Col (Retd) R G (Red) Beatson 01 February 2006 Continue Reading

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2005.03.03 I.O.M Report: Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2004

Under a Congressional mandate, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies conducted a comprehensive review of the scientific literature to determine whether Vietnam veterans may be experiencing health effects associated with exposure to those herbicides or chemicals contaminating them. Continue Reading

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Vets were Exposed to Agent Orange, Committee Finds

“Overwhelmingly, the committee accepted that New Zealand Vietnam veterans were exposed to a very toxic environment,” committee chairwoman Steve Chadwick said. “That’s our key recommendation for the Government to consider.” Continue Reading

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Chadwick Report of the Health Committee October 2004: Agent Orange and other defoliant chemicals during the Vietnam War

Inquiry into the exposure of New Zealand defence personnel to Agent Orange and other defoliant chemicals during the Vietnam War and any health effects of that exposure, and transcripts of evidence Continue Reading

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2004.03.01 I.O.M Report: Veterans and Agent Orange: Length of Presumptive Period for Association Between Exposure and Respiratory Cancer

In this report, the IOM was mandated to review “whether it is possible to identify a period of time after exposure to herbicides after which a presumption of service-connection” of respiratory cancer would not be warranted. Continue Reading

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2003 Report On the Human Health Effects associated with Exposure to the herbicides 2,4,5-T and 2,4-D and dioxins. Prepared for the Department of Health, Government of Western Australia.

The review was commissioned by an Expert Medical Panel (EMP) for the Department of Health, Western Australia to provide information on the scientific evidence of associations between exposure to the herbicides 2,4,5-T and 2,4-D as well as the co-contaminant 2,3,7,8-TCDD and adverse health effects, including signs and symptoms of disease, diagnosed disease or death from any cause. Continue Reading

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2003.05.16 I.O.M Report: Characterizing Exposure of Veterans and Agent Orange and Other Herbicides Used in Vietnam: Interim Findings and Recommendations

Based on this review, the committee concludes that a valid exposure reconstruction model for wartime herbicide exposures of US veterans of Vietnam is feasible. Continue Reading

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Spectre orange

Nearly 30 years after the Vietnam war, a chemical weapon used by US troops is still exacting a hideous toll on each new generation. Cathy Scott-Clark and Adrian Levy report Continue Reading

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2003.01.16 I.O.M Report: Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2002

This report, Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2002, is the fourth in a series examining the impact of chemical defoliants, including Agent Orange, and their contaminants on human health. Continue Reading

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2002.02.27 I.O.M Report: Veterans and Agent Orange: Herbicide/Dioxin Exposure and Acute Myelogenous Leukemia in the Children of Vietnam Veterans

The committee also considered new evidence from German and Norwegian studies of AML in the offspring of parents who had occupational exposure to pesticides. Neither study found a significant difference in incidence from unexposed populations. Continue Reading

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McLeod report on health of children of veterans 2001

A Critical Appraisal Undertaken for the Office of Veterans’ Affairs, Ministry of Defence AUGUST 2001 Continue Reading

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2001.04.19 I.O.M Report: Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2000

This report is the third comprehensive review and evaluation of the newly published scientific evidence regarding associations between health outcomes and exposure to dioxin and other chemical compounds in herbicides used in Vietnam. Continue Reading

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2000.10.11 I.O.M Report: Veterans and Agent Orange: Herbicide/Dioxin Exposure and Type 2 Diabetes

In 1999, in response to a request from the Department of Veterans Affairs, IOM called together a committee to conduct an interim review of the scientific evidence regarding one of the conditions addressed in the Veterans and Agent Orange series of reports: Type 2 diabetes. Continue Reading

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1999.12.16 I.O.M: Report: Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 1998

This is the second updated review and evaluation of published scientific evidence regarding associations between diseases and exposure to dioxin and other chemical compounds in herbicides used in Vietnam. Continue Reading

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Government Will Consider Report On Veterans

“We have listened to the concerns of those involved and we will move to put the matter right after we have considered the findings in the report,” Mrs Shipley said. “Veterans and their children can be assured we will look at these recommendations very carefully.” Continue Reading

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Inquiry into the Health Status of Children of Vietnam and Operation Grapple Veterans June 1999

Advisory Committee on the Health of Veterans’ Children, by Sir Paul Reeves, GCMG GCVO Chairman Continue Reading

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Details of Inquiry into Health Status of Veterans’ Children Announced

The Committee is charged with determining whether exposure to defoliants during the Vietnam War or to nuclear radiation during the British atmospheric tests at Christmas and Malden Islands has been responsible for health problems experienced by veterans’ children, and if so, to recommend to Government appropriate measures to assist those affected. Continue Reading

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1997.04.18 I.O.M Report: Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 1996. Summary and Research Highlights

This IOM report presents the first updated review and evaluation of the newly published scientific evidence regarding associations between diseases and exposure to dioxin and other chemical compounds in herbicides used in Vietnam. Continue Reading

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1996.03.14 I.O.M Report: Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 1996

Released: March 14, 1996 This IOM report presents the first updated review and evaluation of the newly published scientific evidence regarding associations between diseases and exposure to dioxin and other chemical compounds in herbicides used in Vietnam. For each disease,… Continue Reading

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Mortality Patterns among Vietnam Veterans: A 24-Year Retrospective Analysis

The mortality experience of 33,833 US Army and Marine Corps Vietnam veterans who died during 1965-1988 was compared with that of 36,797 deceased non-Vietnam veterans using proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs). Military service information was abstracted from military personnel records and cause of death information recorded from death certificates. Continue Reading

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1994.01.01 I.O.M Report: Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam

February 1992, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences signed an agreement with the Veterans Administration (VA) to review and summarize the strength of the scientific evidence concerning the association between herbicide exposure during Vietnam service and each disease or condition suspected to be associated with such exposure. Continue Reading

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1987 Review of Literature on Herbicides, Including Phenoxy Herbicides and Associated Dioxins, Volume IX: Analysis of Recent Literature on Health Effects and Volume X: Annotated Bibliography of recent Literature on Health Effect

Analysis of Recent Literature on Health Effects on Herbicides, Including Phenoxy Herbicides and Associated Dioxins Continue Reading

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1981 Report Review of Literature on Herbicides, Including Phenoxy Herbicides and Associated Dioxins, vol 1, Analysis of literature

United States, Veterans Administration, Dept Report Review of Literature on Herbicides, Including Phenoxy Herbicides and Associated Dioxins, v.1, Analysis of literature Continue Reading

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Copy Congressional Record: Agent Orange Components were considered by US Senate as Chemical Warfare Agents

Agent Orange Components were considered by US Senate as Chemical Warfare Agents. 1969-08-11 Congressional Record (Agent Orange) C.B.W Continue Reading

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